In the experience of NETZ an important stepping stone towards an effective development intervention is that the participants own the process and assume active responsibility for its success. On the one hand this requires the introduction of effective participatory tools such as PRA or the Family Development Plan during the course of the intervention. On the other hand this presumes that the participants have the chance to gradually assume both the creative and the financial responsibility for the intervention even after external support has ended. In order to effectively guide the further development process after the phase-out of the intervention the self-help groups on village and municipal level have to be well-organized, assertive and sometimes even registered as an independent organization.
The main elements for successfully handing over the financial and creative responsibility to the project intervention to the participants are:
Coupled with targeted measures of capacity building, all these steps eventually lead to an increased ability of the participants to assume responsibility for their own empowerment, which does not only strengthen their self-determination, but first and foremost increases their human dignity.